A Science Lesson in History

Isaac Newton was born on January 4 in 1643 in Woolsthorpe, England and died on March 31 in 1727 in Kensington, England.

Sir Isaac Newton contributed to the discovery of gravity, the laws of motion and forces. He also clarified the understanding of optics and invented calculus. The first law is that an object in motion will stay in motion unless acted upon by a force, and the same for an object in rest. The second law of motion is the equation F=m*a, that force is equal to the change in momentum multiplied by the change in time. The third law of motion is that for every action, there is an equal or opposite reaction. His work with optics proved that white light is a mixture of many types of rays (colors), instead of a single one.

Historical Events

In 1683, the Ottoman Turks were defeated in Austria. The Polish Ottoman War lasted from 1683 to 1699 and ended with the Treaty of Karlowitz. It was a turning point that marked the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1714, the typewriter was patented by Henry Mill. He filled a ‘vaguely-worded’ patent for a machine that could imprint letters one by one after another. However, the first working typewriter was documented in 1808.

Historical Figure

Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 31 (or March 21 in the Old Style) in Eisenach and died on July 28 in 1750 in Leipzig. He is known as one of the greatest composers of all time. He composed music on the keyboard and the organ for sacred and secular purposes.

REFLECTION

In my history of art classes, we spend a lot of time understanding world events that surround major artworks or movements concerning patron donors, especially the Church. My class on Galileo last year was very informative because I learned that science is treated like art in the sense that the church plays a big role in what is broadcasted. Popular opinion can overshadow truth and personal expression, pushing back progress.

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